6. Oktober 2018 – 10. Februar 2019
Scientific conference on the occasion of the exhibition „Gold and Wine. Georgia's oldest treasures“

The Caucasus: Bridge between the urban centres in Mesopotamia and the pontic steppes in the 4th and 3rd millennium BCE.

The transfer of knowledge and technologies between East and West in the Bronze Age

November 28th – December 1st 2018
Frankfurt am Main

In October 2018 Georgia will be guest of honor at the Frankfurt book fair. Against this background the Archaeological Museum Frankfurt is preparing the exhibition „Gold and wine. Georgia’s oldest treasures“ with a great number of spectacular finds for the first time on display in Germany.

The accompanying conference – which will be held in the Archaeological Museum Frankfurt and which is organized by the Museum in cooperation with the Eurasia Department of the German Archaeological Institute (DAI) – deals with one major aspect of the exhibition: the development of the Caucasus region in the 4th and early 3rd millennium BCE, which was then the center of the first globalization. The 4th millennium BCE was marked by an unusually large number of innovations that partly still hold importance today. Only to mention a few, these novelties included wheel and wagon, alloying of copper, lost-wax casting, the extraction of silver through cupellation, the potter’s wheel, the breeding of sheep to obtain wool, the domestication of donkey and horse, the cultivation of olives and wine, writing, the administration of goods by using seals, the construction of cities and the birth of states. Hence the amount of innovations in the 4th millennium BCE reached a hitherto unknown scale and each one of these innovations led to considerable economic, social and cultural changes. Moreover, they shaped societies and even the bodies of men. The latter became drivers, horsemen, warriors, all through intensive training, or developed writing and reading skills. What we are today is rooted in the 4th millennium BCE.

The Caucasus is the focal point for our understanding of the transfer of these innovations from Mesopotamia to Europe. Although in recent times we have gained new datings, a new concept for determining cultural developments and supra-regional connections during the 4th and early 3rd millennium BCE is still missing. The conference will thus make major contributions to this field of research, bringing together specialists from both sides of the Caucasus to work out new results.